General Economic Principles of Modern Islamic Civilization Based on the Prophetic Tradition

Document Type : Science - Research


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Theology and Islamic Thought, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, IRAN.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Quran and Hadith, University of Tehran, College of Farabi, Qom, IRAN.


The Prophet's performance in the economic interactions of the prophetic government includes principles and axes that, in addition to explaining the Islamic religion's view of the worldly affairs, also represent the desirable structure of the economic system in modern Islamic civilization. He, as the position of the Islamic government ruler, has managed the economic affairs of the government and the implementation of divine commands in the financial field in Islamic society. Therefore the Prophet dealt with matters related to the area of economics, including earning income, work, and employment, tax affairs, and various tacts in this regard show the correct position of these matters in the system of Islamic civilization. One of the essential approaches to obtain the economic model of modern Islamic culture is to extract general rules from the prophet’s Sira and delegate the responsibility of formulating administrative laws to economic thinkers. The present study has collected the most important financial components of the Prophetic tradition by the library-documentary method, and with a descriptive-analytical view of historical issues. Based on the results, different principles extract, such as an emphasis on employment, encouraging production, fighting poverty, fighting aristocracy, justice, the rule of the religious tenets over economic activities, etc.