Infrastructures of new Islamic civilization in the thought of Ayatollah Motahhari

Document Type : Science - Research

Author

Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science and Islamic Knowledge, Payame Noor University, Tehran, IRAN.

Abstract

Given that Iran's society and political system have a religious nature and are on the path of progress, understanding religion's role in civilization is very important. There are three views on the relationship between religion and civilization: the intellectual view, which introduces religion as an obstacle to civilization and progress; The post-secular view, which, with an instrumental view, considers religion conditionally and as part of the traditions of any society, has a beneficial effect on modern society; And the third view is the view of political Islam, which considers religion as life-giving, facilitating and a factor of progress, development and civilization, considers the decline of Islamic societies as a result of Muslims' departure from the teachings of Islam and the feeling of weakness and humiliation of the Islamic Ummah in the face of the West. Based on the results of this research, which have been done by the library-documentary method and analytical-descriptive approaches, the view of Ayatollah Motahhari in the position of one of the greatest philosophers and leaders of the revolutionary movement, agrees with the last theory. According to him, the infrastructures for the transformation towards a new Islamic civilization are provided by the establishment and development of religious democracy, the reconstruction of religious thought according to the time requirements, and Western material teachings' transformation into the comprehensive epistemological foundations of Islam.

Keywords